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PM-224 Rain, Snow and Ice Sensor Controller

January 25, 2010

By SunTouch® A division of Watts Water Technologies, Inc.

PM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

Installation Guide

General Safety Instructions


2. To avoid shock hazard do not open the front cover with power connected to the DS-224 or any controlled equipment.

3. Limit input voltage to 22-28 VAC/VDC.

4. Replace fuse F1 with a 2 Amp 32 V or 250 V 3AG fast acting fuse ONLY.

Selecting a Mounting Location for the PM-224

The interleaved grid on the top of the PM-224 PM 224 Rain and Snow Sensor Controller is the precipitation sensor or “moisture grid.” The rubber “boot” protruding from the bottom of the enclosure is the temperature sensor. For reliable rain and snow detection the unit must be mounted in a location that exposes the moisture grid to a clear view of the sky. The unit should not be mounted directly under eaves or overhangs. It should not be mounted so close to the ground that it may become buried in snow. For proper temperature detection the PM-224 must be mounted outdoors, away from furnace vents, dryer vents, and other sources of heat. Note that, when powered, the PM-224 moisture grid will always remain hot. This is normal. This allows the grid to continuously melt snow and evaporate both rain and snow from the grid.

The PM-224 can be mounted by screwing the base conduit hub onto an appropriate size free-standing conduit or by using the mounting holes in each corner of the enclosure.


This can allow water into the enclosure causing a potential shock or fire hazard. It is recommended that a weatherproof condulet or junction box be mounted below the PM-224 for termination of the power and load pigtails to the building wiring.


Be sure the front cover gasket is not pinched or rolled. Do not over-tighten the front cover screws

PM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

External Control/Monitor Operation

Manual On
Deice On Mon
Deice On Mon

An external control/monitor jack is provided on the PM-224. Order the optional CS-1 control/monitor cable to access this feature. Connecting Black to White will activate the “Manual On” function. Connecting Green to White will activate the “Standby/Reset” function. The Red/Orange leads are connected to an internal low power monitor relay. This relay, rated at 24 VAC/VDC at 400 ma, will close with the load relay and can be used to externally monitor activation of the sensor.

Preseason Snow Detection Testing

It is always a good idea to test the operation of the PM-224 prior to the winter season. Procure some clean water and, if the outdoor temperature is above the trigger point, a can of spray component cooler (Radio Shack Part #64-4321 or equivalent.) Clean the moisture grid following the procedure outlined above and allow it to dry. Apply power to the DS-224 and drip some of the water onto the moisture grid, and then spray the temperature sensor protruding from the base of the enclosure with the component cooler. Once the temperature sensor has reached the trigger point with water still present on the grid the PM-224 will activate. The user should hear the internal control relay close. Proper operation has been confirmed. Allow the grid to dry completely. To clear the Delay-Off timer place the override switch into “Standby/Reset”, and then back to the “Automatic” position.

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PM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

These are just some of the possible wiring schemes that can be used to connect the PM-224 to your load for control. Remember, these are only suggestions. You should always check with a qualified electrician to insure conformance with local electrical codes!

Moisture Grid Maintenance & Replacement

It is recommended that the PM-224 be powered down and the grid wiped clean with clear water at least once every 4 months. Heavy deposits may be removed using Scotch-Brite. However, after a number of years, the corrosive elements left behind when water is evaporated out of the moisture grid will eventually damage the grid rings. The moisture grid can be easily replaced by ordering and installing an MG-4 “Moisture Grid Assembly” and following the procedure below:


Open all power and load supplies connected to the PM-224. Open the front cover and remove the moisture grid cable from the Grid Jack. While holding the reducing bushing, unscrew and remove the old moisture grid. Install the supplied thread sealing tape to the threads of the new moisture grid, place the new grid into the top hole and screw the assembly into the reducing bushing. Tighten the grid hand tight plus ¼ turn. This will properly seat the rubber sealing ring. Reconnect the new cable to the Grid Jack. Confirm that the four connector pins are properly aligned with the jack. Close the front cover, confirming that the front cover gasket is properly sealed. Reapply power.


Be sure the front cover gasket is not pinched or rolled. Do not over-tighten the front cover screws.

Setting the Configuration Switches and AdjustmentsPM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

The following table outlines the operating modes for the PM-224 and explains the functions of the adjustments. Trigger temp (TT) is adjustable from 34°F- 44°F using the “Temp Adjust” control.

When ambient air temperature (AT) is below this trigger point precipitation is assumed to be snow. When above this temperature, precipitation is assumed to be rain.

The SNOW switch will cause the sensor to activate when snow is detected. The RAIN switch will cause the sensor to activate when rain is detectedPM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

The DEL configuration switch activates the “Delay Off” drying cycle timer on the PM-224. The timer allows the PM-224 to dry the heated surface through evaporation once precipitation has stopped. The drying cycle reduces the chance of moisture left behind refreezing into ice. The Long Delay (LD) configuration switch determines the time span of the drying cycle. LD off sets a 30-90 minute span. LD on sets a 2-6 hour span. This timer is restarted by each precipitation detection. Therefore, the PM-224 will continue to operate as long as precipitation is detected, then for the Delay Off period once precipitation has stopped. All “sensor” modes (DEL off) provide a 2 minute closure to reduce cycling of an external controller. When in “controller” mode (DEL on) the Delay Off time can be adjusted from 30-90 minutes (LD Off) or 2-6 hours (LD On) using the “Delay Adjust” control. Note the “Forced Manual On” function at the low end of the Delay Adjust control. The relay will close when this area is entered and open when exited. Only use the “Forced Manual On” function for testing. Never leave the Delay Adjust control near the “Forced Manual On” area during normal operation.

PM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

The Low Temperature Cutoff (LTC) option is typically used on snow melting systems with limited output capacity. If selected, the sensor will not trigger if precipitation is initially detected below 15°F. However, if the deicing system has been activated, precipitation continues, and the ambient temperature drops below 15°F, LTC will be ignored. This assures that water on the surface from melting snow will not immediately refreeze into ice as a result of deactivating the deicing system.

PM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

The PM-224 precipitation sensor can detect even a single snow flake or rain drop. However, if the PM-224 is mounted in an area susceptible to high winds, dripping condensation, or blowing ground snow, nuisance triggering of the sensor may occur. While proper placement is the best remedy, the Sensitivity control can also be used to reduce nuisance triggering. An internal timer checks the precipitation sensor for moisture once per second and keeps a running count of the number of continuous seconds the grid is triggered. The highest sensitivity setting (toward More) requires 3 seconds of continuous precipitation detection before the unit triggers. The lowest sensitivity setting (toward Less) requires a full 4 minutes of detection before the unit triggers. If a trace amount of snow blows onto the grid from a drift or overhang it will likely be melted and evaporated within 1- 2 minutes. Similarly, a very light snowfall may also clear quickly from the grid. If these conditions should be ignored by the sensor the Sensitivity control can be adjusted as required. However, to prevent non-triggering during a true event, it is recommended that the user start at highest sensitivity (More), then adjust while monitoring operation over time.


Recommended Switch Settings by Function

Function Trigger LD Off LD ON LTC DEL RAIN SNOW
Snow sensor w\o LTC TT>AT 2 Min 2 Min OFF OFF OFF ON
Snow sensor w\LTC TT>AT>15°F 2 Min 2 Min ON OFF OFF ON
Snow controller w\o LTC TT>AT 30-90 Min 2-6 Hr OFF ON OFF ON
Snow controller w\LTC TT>AT>15°F 30-90 Min 2-6 Hr ON ON OFF ON
Precipitation sensor Not Used 2 Min 2 Min X OFF ON ON
Precipitation controller Not Used 30-90 Min 2-6 Hr X ON ON ON
Rain sensor AT>TT 2 Min 2 Min X OFF ON OFF
Rain controller AT>TT 30-90 Min 2-6 Hr X ON ON OFF

Fine Adjustment for Efficient Operation

The PM-224 is shipped with the TEMP and DEL adjustments in the center position, representing 39°F (3.9°C) and 30 minutes of Delay-Off time respectively. The Sensitivity control is set for highest sensitivity. Depending on local conditions the user may find that fine adjustment of the controls may provide more satisfactory operation. If the sensor does not trigger during very wet snows the trigger temperature may need to be adjusted higher. Conversely, if the user notices false triggers during cold rains that do not freeze, the trigger temperature may need to be lowered. Locations susceptible to blowing ground snow or snow falling from eaves or trees may benefit from a lower sensitivity adjustment. The Delay-Off time can also be adjusted or the range expanded using the LD configuration switch to provide clean melt-off without excessive running time. Fine adjustment can both save operating expense and provide more reliable operation. However, to keep reliability high, always make adjustments in small increments.


Be sure the front cover gasket is not pinched or rolled. Do not over tighten the front cover screws.

Manual Override Switch Operation

An override switch mounted on the side is provided for testing and special operational requirements. Placing the switch in the “Automatic” position will allow the sensor to operate normally, activating the controlled equipment as needed. Placing the switch in “Manual On” will close the load relay, activating the controlled equipment. The “Standby/Reset” position prohibits triggering of the unit, clears any active delay timer, and opens the load relay. In order to reduce excessive run-time for the heater the “Manual On” mode will remain in effect for a maximum of 40 hours, then return to “Automatic” mode even if the switch is still in the “Manual On” position. You may put the PM-224 back into “Manual On” mode by switching to “Automatic”, then back to “Manual On”. This will restart the 40 hour timer.

If the override switch is placed in “Manual On” for less than 2 seconds, then switched back to “Automatic” the controller will execute one delay off cycle.

This can be used to clear a frost or hail buildup without the danger of leaving the system in a continuous “Manual On” condition. “Standby/Reset” can still be used to clear this delay off cycle.

Typical Wiring

The sensor supply voltage can be in the range of 22-28 VAC/VDC. The supply input leads (IN A and IN B) are not polarity sensitive and can be connected to either polarity of a DC supply. A standard 24VAC 20VA HVAC-type transformer will supply enough power for the PM-224 and an optional PM-DP indoor control/display panel.

The two load leads of the PM-224 do not supply power directly to your load. The relay inside the PM-224, like a switch or thermostat, is used to switch a voltage of your choice. While not as convenient as directly supplying power for the load this allows you to operate the PM-224 from one voltage while controlling a load of a different voltage without adding an external relay or contactor. For example, the PM-224 can be powered from 24VAC but can directly control a 12VDC signal for a contactor coil or can operate from 24VAC and provide a dry contact thermostat-style closure for a boiler. The following diagrams show some possible wiring schemes for connecting the PM-224 to your load. For clarity the GROUND lead is not shown.

PM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

24VAC/VDC Sensor Supply, Supply Voltage Out

PM-224 Detector Snow and Ice Sensor Controller for Automatically Melting Snow from Sidewalks and Driveways by

24VAC/VDC Sensor Supply, Dry Contact Thermostat-Style Control

PM-224 Specifications
4¾”(120) x 7″(178) x 2¾”(70)
2 Lbs. (0.9 Kg)
Configuration Modes
Snow Only / Rain Only / Snow or Rain
Delay Setting (post melting)
30 to 90 minutes / 2 to 6 hours
Low Temperature cutoff (LTC)
Prevents system operation when Ambient Temperature (AT) is below 15°F
Operation Modes
Automatic – Standby/Reset – Manual
Operating Temperature
-40oF to +185oF (-40oC to +85oC
Enclosure Rating
Supply Power
22-28VAC/VDC 15VA maximum, 5VA typical
Trigger Temperature
34oF-44oF (1.1oC-6.6oC) Field Selectable
Load Contact Capacity
30A @ 24 VAC/100,000 operations minimum at full load
Monitor Contact Capacity
24 VDC/VAC 400mA 10W total

The post PM-224 Rain, Snow and Ice Sensor Controller first appeared on Flooring Supply Shop Blog.

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